Avocado is a fast-growing tree that reaches a height of 20 m.the Trunk is usually straight, very branched.
The leaves are elliptical, up to 35 cm long. The flowers are nondescript, small, greenish, bisexual, they are located in the axils of the leaves.
The fruit is a single-seeded berry  pear-shaped, ellipsoidal or globose. The length of the ripe fruit is from 5 to 20 cm, the weight is from 50 G to 1.8 kg. the fruit skin is hard, in unripe fruits it is dark green, after a while after ripening it turns black. The pulp of the ripe fruit is green or greenish-yellow, oily, contains a lot of fat. In the center of the fruit is a large seed.